Nuffield Tractors were the brainchild of William Morris who made his reputation as the force behind Morris cars, one of the British motoring industry’s most renowned names. After the Second World War had ended prototype tractors were built and tested in Lincolnshire, and boosted by the success of these machines, plans for a full-scale production at the Wolseley car factory were made. Nuffield entered the tractor market with the Universal, which was unveiled at the 1948 Smithfield Agricultural Show.
The Universal was offered in two versions: M4 was a four-wheeled tractor and the M3 was a tricycle type for row crop work. The engine was derived from the wartime Morris Commercial engine, a four-cylinder side valve, and its tractor application was started on petrol and run on paraffin. It produced 42hp at 2000rpm. Later a diesel version was offered initially with a Perkins P4 unit, then later with a 3.4 litre British Motor Corporation (BMC) diesel following the Austin and Morris merger. In 1957 came the Universal 3 a three-cylinder diesel-engine tractor. The Universal 4/60 was announced in 1961. This was a 60hp tractor and the increased power had been achieved by boring out the existing cylinder block on the 3.4 litre engine to 3.8 litres.
Production was eventually moved to the Bathgate plant in Scotland via the Morris Motors plant in Cowley in Oxfordshire. The Nuffield tractors were given a facelift in 1964 and became the 10/60 and 10-42 models. The tractors were redesigned for 1967, but before they could find widespread acceptance, Nuffield was involved in the merger that created the British Leyland Motor Corporation, changing Nuffield tractors into Leyland’s in 1969.
Engine-Fix UK cover the vast majority of the Nuffield Tractor Model range, we supply all the major mechanical engine parts including pistons, piston rings, liners, gaskets, crank seals, gasket sets, valve train parts, water oil and fuel pumps plus much more.